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REMPC01 – Homework

Penguins show sign of stress

A Previous research by scientists from Keil University in Germany monitored Adelie penguins and noted that the birds’ heart rates increased dramatically at the sight of a human as far as 30 meters away. But new research using an artificial egg, which is equipped to measure heart rates, disputes this. Scientists from the Scott Polar Research Institute at Cambridge say that a slow moving human who does not approach the nest too closely, is not considered a threat by penguins.

B The earlier findings have been used to partly explain the 20 per cent drop in populations of certain types of penguins near tourist sites. However, tour operators have continued to insist that their activities do not adversely affect wildlife in Antarctica, saying they encourage non-disruptive behavior in tourists, and that the decline in penguin numbers is caused by other factors.

C Amanda Nimon of the Scott Polar Research Institute spent three southern hemisphere summers at Cuverville Island in Antarctica studying penguin behavior towards humans. “A nesting penguin will react very differently to a person rapidly and closely approaching the nest,” says Nimon. “First they exhibit large and prolonged heart rate changes and then they often flee the nest leaving it open for predators to fly in and remove eggs or chicks.” The artificial egg, specially developed for the project, monitored both the parent who had been ‘disturbed’ when the egg was placed in the nest and the other parent as they both took it in turns to guard the nest.

D However, Boris Culik, who monitored the Adelie penguins, believes that Nimon’s findings do not invalidate his own research. He points out that species behave differently – and Nimon’s work was with Gentoo penguins, Nimon and her colleagues believe that Cultk’s research method has some problems because the monitoring of penguins’ responses entailed capturing and restraining the birds and fitting them with heart-rate transmitters. Therefore, argues Nimon, it would not be surprising if they became stressed on seeing a human subsequently.

Chiến thuật để làm dạng bài “Matching names/dates” trong kỳ thi IELTS

1. Tìm & gạch chân chủ thể + hành động/trạng thái trong mỗi câu hỏi

2. Tìm và khoanh tròn cái tên/thời gian đầu tiên trong danh sách tên. Mỗi tên có thể xuất hiện nhiều lần ở các vị trí khác nhau trong bài đọc

3. Đọc kỹ thông tin về người này/thời gian này và chọn đáp án, rồi làm tương tự cho đến khi tất cả các câu hỏi đều có 1 đáp án

4. Nếu câu hỏi cho sẵn danh sách tên hoặc danh sách thời gian, không cần sử dụng hết tên/thời gian trong danh sách

5. Nếu câu hỏi cho sẵn danh sách tên, một cái tên có thể là đáp án của nhiều câu hỏi

6. Các câu khó cũng bằng điểm các câu dễ, nên hãy xử lý câu dễ trước và quay lại làm câu khó sau 

Exercise 1: Learn 10 new words

  1. previous (n): trước
  2. monitor (v): giám sát
  3. artificial (n): nhân tạo
  4. equip (v): trang bị
  5. measure (v): đo
  6. consider (v): xem xét
  7. affect (v): tác động
  8. factor (n): nhân tố
  9. react (v): phản ứng
  10. approach (v): tiếp cận

Exercise 2: Classify the following statements as being true of

A the research on Adelie penguins

B the research on Gentoo penguins

C both research projects

D neither research projects

Write the correct letter, A, B, C or D.

 

1 An individual species of penguin was tested

2 Penguins were caught for the experiment

3 Physical changes occurred when a human was nearby

4 Tourists were permitted to observe the experiments.

5 Heart rates were measured by an item manufactured for the experiment.

Học viên điền đầy đủ thông tin ở “Trang 1”

“Trang 2” – Đánh dấu “x” ở câu trả lời

“Trang 3” – Chép lại 10 từ và tìm từ đồng nghĩa của 10 từ đó

“Trang 4” – Chép lại chiến thuật

“Trang 5” – Điền đáp án cho những câu trong bài; những câu còn lại điền dấu “x”