RENPA02 – Homework

Freya Stark, explorer and writer

Freya Stark travelled to many areas of the Middle East, often alone. Frey Stark was an explorer who lived during a time when exploreers were regarded as heroes.She travelled to distant areas of the Middle East, where few Europeans – especially women – had travelled before. She also travelled extensively in Turkey, Greece, Italy, Nepal and Afghanistan.

Stark was born in Paris in 1893. Although she had no formal education as a child, she moved about with her artist parents and learned French, German and Italian.She entered London University in 1912, but at the start of World War I, she joined the nurse corps and was sent to Italy. After the war, she returned to London and attended the School of Oriental Studies.

Her studies there led to extensive travel in the Middle Studies, enabling her to eventually become fluent in Persian, Russian and Turkish. Stark became well known as a traveller and explorer in the Middle East. She travelled to the Lebanon in 1927 at the age of 33 when she had saved enough money, and while there, she studied Arabic.

In 1928, she travelled by donkey to the Jebel Druze, a mountainous area in Syria. During another trip, she went to a distant region of the Elburnz, a mountain range in Iran, where she made a map. She was searching for information about an ancient Muslim sect known as the Assassions, which she wrote about in Valley of the Assassins (1934), a classic for which she was awarded a Gold Medal by Royal Geographic Society.

For the next 12 years, she continued her career as a traveller and writer, establishing a style which combined an account of her journey with personal commentary on the people, places, customs, history and politics of the Middle East.

Chiến thuật để làm dạng bài “Note completion” trong kỳ thi IELTS

  1. Xác định xem mỗi đáp án cần bao nhiêu từ
  2. Xác định xem thông tin còn thiếu là thông tin bổ sung cho thành phần nào trong câu hỏi
  3. Xác định từ còn thiếu là tính từ, danh từ, động từ hay trạng từ
  4. Dùng thông tin trong câu hỏi mà có khả năng xuất hiện với tần suất thấp để tìm kiếm đoạn văn phù hợp
  5. Xác định xem các cụm thông tin trong câu hỏi được thể hiện như nào trong bài đọc để đoán được thông tin còn thiếu của câu hỏi thì tương đương với cái gì trong bài đọc
  6. Nếu từ được chọn làm câu văn sai ngữ pháp thì từ được chọn sai

Exercise 1: Learn 10 new words

  1. Explorer (n): nhà thám hiểm
  2. Distant (adj): xa xôi
  3. Regarded as: được xem là
  4. Formal education (n): giáo dục chính thống
  5. Attend (v): tham gia
  6. Enable somebody to do something: khiến ai làm được gì
  7. Region (n): khu vực
  8. Ancient (adj): cổ
  9. Establish (v): hình thành
  10. Combine (v): kết hợp

Exercise 2: Read the passage and complete the flow chart below.  Using NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.